Which sectors employ the most psychology research doctorates and the new proposed budget … in this week’s news roundup

Which sectors employ the most psychology research doctorates?
(Monitor on Psychology)

More than 100,000 jobs in the US are held by people w/ research doctorates in psych, up from about 70,000 in 1993.

Trump’s Budget Eliminates Funding for Teacher Training, Class-Size Reductions
(Ed Week)

Much to the dismay of some teachers and school leaders groups, President Donald Trump’s budget proposal eliminates the $2.3 billion Title II grant program for teacher development. The official proposed budget, released on Tuesday, included $9.2 billion in cuts to the Education Department.

Trump Budget Would Slash Student Aid and Research
(Inside Higher Ed)
White House plan confirms drastic cuts to many programs while proposing to substantially alter loan programs.

Take Action Now: Tell Congress to Reject the Trump Administration’s Budget
(Federal Action Network)

The Trump administration released a more detailed version of the President’s FY 2018 budget this week, which includes many of the cuts previously outlined in the budget blueprint released in March. The budget proposes massive cuts to domestic spending that supports education, health, and safety net programs. The budget, if enacted, would shrink the federal role in education, jeopardize the nation’s scientific enterprise, and reduce access to mental and behavioral health services.

Researchers Say They’ve Figured Out What Makes People Reject Science, And It’s Not Ignorance
(Science Alert)
A lot happened in 2016, but one of the biggest cultural shifts was the rise of fake news – where claims with no evidence behind them (e.g. the world is flat) get shared as fact alongside evidence-based, peer-reviewed findings (e.g. climate change is happening).

Learning Styles: A Misguided Attempt to Highlight Individual Differences in Learners
(Learning Scientists)

You certainly have encountered the learning styles concept before. We have covered this topic previously. It is the idea that people have a specific learning preference and that instruction should be tailored according to that preference in order to enhance learning outcomes. You may even be at an institution that assesses students’ learning styles in order to help them understand the best way to study. Although the concept of a learning styles is widely promoted, it has no scientific evidence that justifies its application in education.

Using Research to Prevent Bullying
(American Psychological Association – Event)

Bullying — both face-to-face and online — is a problem for many youths. Dorothy L. Espelage, PhD, has conducted bullying, harassment and violence research for more than 20 years. She will describe the problem, including gender-based bullying, such as sexual harassment and homophobic name calling. What prevention strategies can be used in schools? How can schools address their social climate to reduce the problem? What can bystanders do when they see someone being bullied?

You Still Need Your Brain
(NY Times Opinion)

Most adults recall memorizing the names of rivers or the Pythagorean theorem in school and wondering, “When am I ever gonna use this stuff?” Kids today have a high-profile spokesman. Jonathan Rochelle, the director of Google’s education apps group, said last year at an industry conference that he “cannot answer” why his children should learn the quadratic equation. He wonders why they cannot “ask Google.” If Mr. Rochelle cannot answer his children, I can.

Why Brain Scientists Are Still Obsessed With The Curious Case Of Phineas Gage
(NPR Health Shots)

It took an explosion and 13 pounds of iron to usher in the modern era of neuroscience.

How Women Mentors Make a Difference in Engineering
(The Atlantic)

For some women, enrolling in an engineering course is like running a psychological gauntlet. If they dodge overt problems like sexual harassment, sexist jokes, or poor treatment from professors, they often still have to evade subtler obstacles like the implicit tendency to see engineering as a male discipline. It’s no wonder women in the U.S. hold just 13 to 22 percent of the doctorates in engineering, compared to an already-low 33 percent in the sciences as a whole.

A New Understanding of the Childhood Brain
(The Atlantic – Video)

Over the past decade, new research has revealed the link between early trauma and lifelong mental health issues. These discoveries have since revolutionized social work, healthcare, and early education. Policy changes enacted in response to our understanding of the biology of trauma are prioritizing earlier interventions like nurse home visiting services for at-risk families, and an increase in pre-kindergarten programs.

The Assault on Colleges — and the American Dream
(New York Times Opinion)

The country’s most powerful engine of upward mobility is under assault. Public colleges have an unmatched record of lofting their students into the middle class and beyond. For decades, they have enrolled teenagers and adults from modest backgrounds, people who are often the first member of their family to attend college, and changed their trajectories. Over the last several years, however, most states have cut their spending on higher education, some drastically.

White House Would Slash Student Aid and NSF
(Inside Higher ED)
Details leaked about forthcoming budget include large cuts to college aid programs and end Public Service Loan Forgiveness and subsidized loan programs. Other leaks point to new proposals to cut science.

Teaching Students to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse with Psychology|(Yahoo! News)
Broadly speaking, games work effectively because they can make the world more fun to work in. They can also help to achieve “optimal functioning” – which basically means doing the best you can do.

Chronic Stress, race related stress, and academic achievement outcomes among adolescents
(American Psychological Association – Video)
This video is a part of a CEMA series on race and ethnicity discussing the consequences that race-related stress can have on developing children of color.

Landscapes in Teacher Prep: Undergraduate Secondary 
(National Council on Teaching Quality)
Even Americans who continue on to college will focus their coursework on one or two majors, and therefore, as adults, they will rely on their high school education for knowledge about most other academic subjects

Congrats, Med School Grad! Now It’s Time to Find a Therapist
(WBUR CommonHealth)
You are your most important patient because we need you to be healthy. We need you to take care of America’s sick. We need you to fight for them. We need you to demand that our dysfunctional and broken system does better.

APA Criticizes White House Budget Proposal
(American Psychological Association)
The budget proposed by President Donald J. Trump threatens critical health, scientific research and education programs that contribute to the social safety net for millions of Americans, according to the American Psychological Association.

Five Simple Ways to Boost Teacher Morale
(National Association of Secondary School Principals Blog)
Administrators spend lots of time and energy creating a positive and caring student culture. Although important, what about teacher culture? How do we as school leaders help teachers stay positive and keep their morale high?

New Graduates’ Favorite JSTOR Articles
(JSTOR Daily)

You’re at the library. It’s late at night. You just need that one perfect source to make your thesis paper sing. And then… you find it! It was there on JSTOR all along, waiting for you.

President Trump’s Budget Proposal Calls For Deep Cuts To Education
President Trump’s full budget proposal for fiscal year 2018, to be released Tuesday, calls for a $9.2 billion, or 13.5 percent, spending cut to education. The cuts would be spread across K-12 and aid to higher education, according to documents released by the White House.

What Happens When Students Design Their Own Assessments?
(Education Week – subscription required; three free articles)

An experimental network of Virginia schools is letting students devise projects to demonstrate what they’ve learned.

Next-Generation Science Tests Slowly Take Shape
(Education Week – subscription required; three free articles)
A handful of the 18 states that have adopted the Next-Generation Science Standards are using assessments meant to reflect the standards’ deeper, more inquiry-based approach to science.

The ‘ideal’ teacher? It’s all in your mind
(Science Daily)
A study leverages the unvarnished opinions of Redditors to further our understanding of what makes a good educator.

Critical thinking can be taught
(Science Daily)
10-12-years-olds can be taught how to think critically at school, even with few teachers and limited resources. Parents can also be taught to assess claims about health effects.

A Solution for Student Disengagement
Tap students’ leadership potential to help them form strong bonds with each other and with their school.

About the Author

Amanda Macchi, MPH
Amanda comes to APA as a recent graduate of the George Washington University’s Milken Institute School of Public Health. During her time at GW, Amanda studied global health, focusing on the challenges facing mental health in low-and middle-income countries. She received her undergraduate degree in marketing from Emerson College in Boston, Mass. In her free time, Amanda loves pyrography and collecting/learning about mid-century modern furniture.
Hunter Clary
Hunter is a communications professional who came of age in the digital revolution, and has witnessed big changes in how we communicate. In his eclectic 20 year career he’s seen vast changes across multiple industries from advertising, B2C, professional services, publishing, and now non-profit. During his time at APA Hunter has watched the growth of in the organization’s web presence; a shift from print to digital media; and the pickup of social channels like the PsychLearningCurve. A tech geek at heart, Hunter is naturally drawn to all things shiny and new especially when it comes to communicating – particularly social media and apps. Hunter seeks to understand the world around him -- add in a penchant for creative design and a reporter’s curiosity and you’ve got Hunter. Through this blog he hopes to help translate quality psychological science into practical uses for educators, students, and parents.
Nick Bornstein
Nick is an education and communications intern with the APA. Originally from the San Francisco Bay area, Nick is a current undergraduate student pursuing a Psychology degree and a minor in Business Administration at the George Washington University. Nick's interests include travel, studying German, history, politics, and economics.